What are Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are a parasitic insect that feeds exclusively on blood. The name bed bug is derived from its habitat: a warm house and near or inside bedding and beds or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mostly nocturnal and feed on their subjects without being noticed. The critters prefer exposed skin such as face, arms and neck of a person that is sleeping.
Some health effects may result from being bitten by bed bugs and include allergy symptoms, skin rashes and psychological effects. A bug bite typically results in swelling with no red marks, but if many bugs attack, red spots may appear after swelling subsides. Treatment for such bug bites includes ointments to reduce swelling, as well as eliminating the bugs, including eggs and taking measures to relieve the effects of the symptom. Bed bugs can be infected with at least 28 human pathogens, but they are not known to transmit disease or pathogens to humans. The critters are not exclusively nocturnal, but are most active after dark.
An adult bug is mostly light brown but can be reddish-brown in color. They are oval in shape and flat with no hind wings. The bugs have front wings that look like pad like structures. The adults grow to a length of 0.16” to 0.20” and a width of 0.59” to 0.118”. Newly hatched bugs are light in color and translucent and turn brown as they reach maturity and molt. A bed bug may be confused with other insects such as carpet beetles or small cockroaches. When a bug is warm and active, their movements are more like ants and emit a disagreeable odor when crushed.
The bugs use pheromones to communicate with other bed bugs as to where to find feeding and nesting locations. A bed bugs life span is dependent on feeding and they can survive a wide range of temperatures. They can hibernate and survive for 5 days at temperatures that reach 14°F, but will succumb after 15 minutes of exposure of temperatures at -26°F.
At one time pest control measures had the bug population all but eradicated. Over time the critters apparently built up immunity to some of the pesticides, insecticides and other measures used to eliminate the bugs. Complacency with bug investigation and bans on some of the pesticides used on the bugs are possible reasons the bed bug population sprang back to life.
It is important to call in the pest control specialists when dealing with such bugs. The specialists will use strategic methods to eliminate bugs in and near the home. The methods used will leave possessions intact and undamaged and use products that are safe to be used around humans and pets. Do it yourself solutions typically involve using products and techniques that will damage belongings and certain products could bring on health risks to humans, as well as pets.
If you even suspect you have the pesky bugs, call Rocky Mountain Bed Bugs ASAP for an evaluation and quote to get rid of the pesky unwanted house guests.