Bedbugs: Facts, Symptoms, Life Cycle and Treatment

Bed Bug on close up skinThe known facts of today! Bed bugs are parasites which lurk and hide in cracks and crevices near their prey. In fact, they hide in bags, clothes, and the seams and folds of luggage. These bugs also get inside mattresses, box springs, and other types of furniture. They feed off of human blood; for the most part, this is true, but some species have cravings for other mammals as well. Bugs of this nature make their home where people sleep or spend 75% of their time. When these critters become hungry, they will leave their hiding place in search of any exposed skin to feed.

Once they have found their prey, they feed for two to five minutes before scurrying back to their hiding spot. In fact, they can travel 100-feet on any given night, but they tend to be no more than eight-feet from their prey. Some of these critters that feed longer become engorged with blood within 10 minutes, which will keep them full for several days. Bedbug bites often occur on exposed skin areas like the arms, legs, neck, and head. However, when they are hungry, they will feed on their prey almost anywhere. These parasites can stay well hidden for a very long time. In fact, some people may mistake their bite for other insects. After all, they do most of their feeding while their prey is sleeping.

Bed Bugs Symptoms

After a bite, an enlarged red bump will occur almost like a spider or flea bite. People have different reactions when bitten by these critters. For instance, some people may not even show any break in the skin or enlarged redden area. On the positive note, there are no known facts that bedbugs spread any diseases. Although, you should never rule out the possibility of an allergic reaction; seek medical help if this occurs. To avoid infections, don't scratch the bitten area. Instead, try using creams that calm the itching like antihistamines.

What do Bedbugs Look Like?

Adult bugs are about a 1/4" to 3/8" in length, flat, brown, oval, and wingless. After they have a meal, their body shape will transform to more of a rounded shape, along with their color changing to a purplish, reddish brown. While in this transformation, they are often mistaken for other insects. Surprisingly, young bedbugs that have recently hatched are less than a 1/16" in size and colorless. 

However, once they start feeding that all changes. As these insects begin to grow, they will shed exoskeletons and leave them lying in their hiding place. They also will produce rapidly and lay their eggs in cracks and crevices. In general, a female can produce about 200 to 250 eggs within their lifetime. It takes up to 10 days for an egg to hatch.

Overall, these newborn nymphs will seek their prey immediately to cure their hunger. They don't become sexually mature until they reach adulthood. Once they become mature, you will then have more than one generation living in your home. If left unattended, it could quickly become an infestation problem. For any reason that you encounter bed bug activity in your home, it is highly recommended to bring in a professional to assess the situation before it becomes infested.

The Best Treatment for Getting Rid of Bed Bugs

The most efficient way to get rid of bed bug activity in your home is through thermal treatment. Skilled experts use specialized equipment to increase the temperature carefully in the infested area. They bring the level as high as 135 degrees for a substantial amount of time in order to kill these parasites and their unhatched eggs. By using this form of treatment, there is no toxic residue to linger because it is 100% chemical free.

As a result, it is safe for pets and your family to be around during the treatment process. Thermal treatments can easily be maneuver into concealed areas where a bedbug family may hide, unlike chemical treatments. Not to mention, how some of these pests are no longer susceptible to parathyroid chemicals or other treatment chemicals. Meaning, they will continue living even after a chemical treatment.

When using chemical sprays, you will find it difficult to treat some areas of your home such as mattresses and box springs, pantries, and other furniture. However, thermal treatments can reach these small crevices and cracks more easily. It is important not to miss any significant areas, or the infestation is bound to return. Thermal treatments are perfect in completing the task at hand. Contact us today!